Public Domain Super Heroes

Bulldog Drummond

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Bulldog Drummond

Real Name

Captain Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond, DSO, MC

First Appearance

The Strand Magazine (1920)

Original Publisher

The Strand Magazine

Created by

Herman Cyril McNeile (aka Sapper)


Bulldog Drummond is a British fictional character, created by H. C. McNeile and published under his pen name "Sapper." After an unsuccessful one-off appearance as a policeman in The Strand Magazine, the character was reworked by McNeile into a gentleman adventurer for his 1920 novel, Bull-dog Drummond.

Drummond was a wealthy former World War I officer of His Majesty's Royal Loamshire Regiment, who became a private detective after returning from the war. He places an advertisement in the local newspaper: "Demobililsed Officer finding peace incredibly tedious would welcome diversion. Legitimate if possible; but crime of a humorous description, no objection. Excitement essential."

Drummond is big, tough and willing to kill. He is aided by ex-military buddies (Peter Darrell, Algy Longworth, Ted Jerringham and Toby Sinclair) who later become the Black Gang, a team of vigilante crime fighters in black hoods and black leather. They are hunted by Scotland Yard's Director of Criminal Investigation, Sir Bryan Johnstone and Chief Inspector MacIver.

Drummond's original arch enemy was a man named Carl Peterson, whose wife, Irma, was a sexy femme fatale mistress to Bulldog. In his first two adventures, Drummond foiled Peterson's attempts to lead a coup d'état in England by communists.

After his first adventure, Drummond married Phyllis Benton, the first woman who hired him. She was frequently kidnapped.

Public Domain Literary Appearances

  • Bull-Dog Drummond (1920)
  • The Black Gang (1922)
  • The Third Round (1924)
  • The Final Count (1926)
  • The Female of the Species (1928)
  • Temple Tower (1929)
  • The Return of Bulldog Drummond (1932)
  • Knock-Out (1933)
  • Bulldog Drummond at Bay (1935)
  • Challenge (1937)


  • Drummond and his team may have been a source of inspiration for Doc Savage. Drummond, as a hero saving his country from a monologuing villain and his femme fatale, was probably an inspiration for James Bond.
  • Herman Cyril McNeile died in 1937 and British copyright law is life of the author + 70 years, making all his work PD as of January 1, 2008 in the UK.

See Also

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