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Jack and Jill

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Jack and Jill
Jack and Jill 2 - WW Denslow - Project Gutenberg etext 18546

Real Names

Jack and Jill, Jack and Gill, Jack Sprat Jr. and Jill Pumpkineater Sprat

First Appearance

“Jack and Jill” or “Jack and Gill” (nursery rhyme)

Original Publisher

English Nursery Rhyme

Created by

Unknown

Origin

"Jack and Jill" is a traditional English nursery rhyme.

The first and most commonly repeated verse is:

Jack and Jill went up the hill
To fetch a pail of water.
Jack fell down and broke his crown,
And Jill came tumbling after.

Many verses have been added to the rhyme, including a version with a total of 15 stanzas in a chapbook of the 19th century. The second verse, probably added as part of these extensions has become a standard part of the nursery rhyme. Early versions took the form:

Up Jack got, and home did trot,
As fast as he could caper;
To old Dame Dob, who patched his nob
With vinegar and brown paper.

A third verse, sometimes added to the rhyme, was first recorded in a 19th-century chapbook and took the form:

Then Jill came in, and she did grin,
To see Jack's paper plaster;
Her mother whipt her, across her knee,
For laughing at Jack's disaster.

Twentieth-century versions of this verse include:

When Jill came in how she did grin
To see Jack's paper plaster;
Mother vexed did whip her next
For causing Jack's disaster.

In The Marriage of Jack and Jill, Jack is the son of Jack Sprat and his wife and the grandson of Mother Hubbard, and Jill is the daughter of Peter Pumpkineater and his surviving wife and the granddaughter of Mother Goose.

Public domain literary appearances

Including of characters inspired by or likened to Jack and Jill

  • Jack and Jill” or “Jack and Gill” (nursery rhyme), Roud Folk Song Index no. 10266.
    • Mother Goose’s Melody, compiled by John Newbery, ca. 1760. (Internet Archive)
    • Gammer Gurton’s Garland: or, The Nursery Parnassus; A Choice Collection of Pretty Songs and Verses, for the Amusement of All Little Good Children Who Can Neither Read nor Run, part 2, collected by Joseph Ritson, 1810. (Internet Archive)
    • The Nursery Rhymes of England, Collected Principally from Oral Tradition, collected by James Halliwell‐Phillipps, 1842. (Internet Archive)
    • Mother Goose’s Nursery Rhymes and Nursery Songs, music by James William Elliott, [187‒?]. (Internet Archive)
    • Ancient Illuminated Rhymes: Jack and Jill, The Little Man and His Little Gun, music attributed to William Philip Nimmo, 1878. (Internet Archive)
    • Parodies, Book 2: Nursery Rhymes Re‐set for Voice and Piano, music by Herbert Hughes, 1921. (Internet Archive)
  • Jack and Jill (chapbook), ca. 1806. The further misadventures of these extremely accident‐prone characters.
    • Jack and Jill and Old Dame Gill: Read It Who Will, They’ll Laugh Their Fill, 1806. (Internet Archive)
    • Jack and Jill, and Old Dame Gill, 1810. (Internet Archive)
    • Jack & Jill, and Old Dame Gill: Read It Who Will They’ll Laugh Their Fill, 1840. (Internet Archive)
    • The History of Jack and Jill, and Old Dame Gill, 1860. (Internet Archive)
  • The Adventures of Jack & Jill and Old Dame Jill, [184‒?]. (Internet Archive)
  • Jack and Jill: For Old and Young, by L. A. Gobright, 1873. (Internet Archive)
  • Little Bo‐Peep; or, Harlequin Jack and Jill, by J. and H. Paneton, songs by W. M. Akhurst, 1875. (Internet Archive)
  • Jack and Jill: A Village Story, by Louisa May Alcott, 1880. (Internet Archive)
  • Jack and Jill: A Love Story, by W. E. Brown, 1891. (Internet Archive)
  • “Jack and Jill,” by Bernard Capes, MacMillan’s Magazine, vol. 76, no. 452, June 1897. (Internet Archive)
  • “A Jack and Jill of the Sierras: A Story of the California Mines,” by Bret Harte, McClure’s Magazine, vol. 15, no. 3, July 1900. (Internet Archive)
  • “The Admirable Assertiveness of Jilted Jack,” in Mother Goose for Grown‐Ups, by Guy Wetmore Carryl, 1900. (Internet Archive)
  • Runaway Robinson, by Charles M. Snyder, 1901. (HathiTrust)
  • “The Children in the Moon,” in The Book of Nature Myths, by Florence Holbrook, 1902. (Internet Archive)
  • “A Message to Mother Goose,” by Ellen Manly, St. Nicholas, vol. 32, no. 2, Dec. 1904. (Internet Archive)
  • Some Adventures of Jack & Jill, by Barbara Yechton, 1905. (Internet Archive)
  • Rimes and Stories, by Lura Mary Eyestone, 1910.
    • Extended version of the nursery rhyme. (HathiTrust)
    • “Little Bo‐Peep and Her Sheep.” (HathiTrust)
  • “The Christmas Conspiracy: A Christmas Play for Boys and Girls,” by Elizabeth Woodbridge, St. Nicholas, vol. 39, no. 2, Dec. 1911, 163. (Internet Archive)
  • “Jack and Jill/Sped up the hill” (rhyme), in The Bull Moose Mother Goose, by Sallie Macrum Cubbage, 1912. (HathiTrust)
  • Jack & Jill: A Fairy Story, by Greville MacDonald, 1913. (Internet Archive)
  • The Marriage of Jack and Jill: A Mother Goose Entertainment in Two Scenes, by Lilian Clisby Bridgham, 1913. (Internet Archive)
  • “Jack and Jill Go Fishing,” in Told by the Camp Fire, by F. H. Cheley, 1914. (HathiTrust)
  • Miss Muffet Lost and Found: A Mother Goose Play, by Katharine C. Baker, 1915. (HathiTrust)

Public domain movie appearance

Jack and Jill, by Gardner Hunting and Margaret Turnbull, dir. William Desmond Taylor, cin. Homer Scott, Paramount Pictures, 1917.

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