A Study in Scarlet (originally serialized in Beeton's Christmas Annual 1887)
Ward Lock & Co
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Golden Age Origin
Sherlock Holmes was a brilliant London-based "consulting detective." Holmes is famous for his intellectual prowess and is renowned for his skillful use of astute observation, deductive reasoning, and inference to solve difficult cases.
Besides his talent for deduction, Holmes was also a master of disguise, a skilled fighter in both hand-to-hand and weapon-based combat, profoundly knowledgeable in many sciences, and a skilled musician.
He was assisted by his friend Dr. Watson, who would chronicle their adventures.
Holmes had a brother named Mycroft Holmes who was a government official.
Sherlock Holmes's nemesis was Professor Moriarty, whom he clashed with on multiple occasions.
- A Study in Scarlet (published 1887, in Beeton's Christmas Annual )
- The Sign of the Four (published 1890, Lippincott's Monthly Magazine)
- The Hound of the Baskervilles (serialised 1901–1902 in The Strand)
- The Valley of Fear (serialised 1914–1915 in The Strand)
- The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (contains stories published 1891–1892 in The Strand)
- The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (contains stories published 1892–1893 in The Strand as further episodes of the Adventures)
- The Return of Sherlock Holmes (contains stories published 1903–1904 in The Strand)
- His Last Bow (contains stories published 1908–1913 and 1917)
- The Lost Special (1908) : Features a criminal genius who could be Moriarty and a detective who could be Holmes, although neither is mentioned by name.
- The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes (contains stories published 1921–1927) The stories in this volume originally published after 1923 are still under copyright in the United States.
Public Domain Film and TV Appearances
- Sherlock Holmes Baffled (1900)
- Adventures of Sherlock Holmes; or, Held for Ransom (1905)
- Nordisk Film Company Holmes Series (1908-1911)
- Arsène Lupin contra Sherlock Holmes (1910)
- American Biograph Holmes Series (1911)
- Sherlock Holmes Solves the Sign of the Four (1913)
- A Study in Scarlet (1914)
- Der Hund von Baskerville (1914)
- The Crimson Sabre (1915)
- The Crogmere Ruby (1915)
- Sherlock Holmes (1916)
- The Valley of Fear (1916)
- Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Series (1921-1923)
- The Hound of the Baskervilles (1921)
- Sherlock Holmes (1922)
- The Speckled Band (1931)
- The Sign of Four (1932)
- Study in Scarlet (1933)
- The Triumph of Sherlock Holmes (1935)
- Murder at the Baskervilles (1937)
- Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1943)
- The Woman in Green (1945)
- Terror by Night (1946)
- Dressed to Kill(1946)
- Sherlock Holmes TV Series(1954)
Public Domain Comic Appearances
- Sherlock Holmes #1-2
- Cartoons by McCutcheon #[nn]
- Captain Marvel, Jr. #2
- Kid Eternity #4
- Four Color #1169
Public Domain Stage Appearances
- Sherlock Holmes: A Drama in Four Acts, by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and William Gillette (1899)
- The Speckled Band, by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1902)
- The Painful Predicament of Mr Sherlock Holmes, by William Gillette (1905)
- As of December, 2013, a judge ruled that Sherlock Holmes (with the exception of short story collection, the Casebook of Sherlock Holmes) is most definitely in the public domain. You can read about it here and here.